10 Characteritics of Elastomers - Frank Lowe

​The 10 Characteristics of Elastomers

Discover the 10 characteristics of elastomers using our informative table. Contact us to for help deciding which characteristics your die cut materials need.

See the 10 different elastomer characteristics in the table below.

Since 1955, Frank Lowe has been partnering with businesses across all markets to produce state-of-the-art industrial manufacturing solutions. We offer dedicated industrial contract manufacturing teams who specialize in providing comprehensive services to a variety of markets.From best-in-class materials, customizable products, and a full suite of industrial manufacturing services, we provide whatever it takes to help your business met its objectives. Regardless of the technical or logistics demands of your project, we will work with you every step of the way providing customizable distribution services and support to ensure the contract die cutting is completed and delivered on time, within budget, and to your exact specifications.

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Common Name

NR Natural Rubber

IR Synthetic Rubber

SBR

IIR Butyl

EPR EP Rubber

CR Neoprene

NBR

Polyurethane

Silicone

Fluro Elastromers

Chemical Name

Natural Polyisoprene

Synthetic Polyisoprene

Styrene Butadiene

Isobutylene Isoprene

Ethylene Propylene

Chloroprene

Nitrile Butadene

Polyurethane Diisocyanate

Polysiloxane

Fluorinated Hydrocarbon

ASTM-SAE Designation

Type R - no contact with petroleum-base fluids

Type R - no contact with petroleum-base fluids

Type R - no contact with petroleum-base fluids

Type R - no contact with petroleum-base fluids

Type R - no contact with petroleum-base fluids

Type SC - medium-oil resistance

Type SB - Good oil resistance

None yet assigned

Type TA - Broad temperature range

Type TB - Resistance to elevated temperature and solvents

Relative Cost SBR = 100

61

100

100

125

100

125

140

500

3000

1000

Advantages

Mostly used for high mechanical performance unless some specific environmental condition prohibits.

Mostly used for high mechanical performance unless some specific environmental condition prohibits.

Resistant to abrasion, impact

Outstanding gas impermeability Good damping at normal temp. Resists aging at high temp. Resistant to ozone, alcohol diester lubes

Resistant to heat aging, oxidation, ozone, acids, alkalis, hydraulic fluids.Good electrical properties.

Resistant to weather, ozone, gasoline, oil, elevated temperature, Flame resistant

Good physicals Resistant to gasoline, oil, elevated temperatures.

Highest available abrasion resistance, strength and load bearing.High elongation, hardness.Resistant to oxygen and ozone.

Broadest available temperature range. Retain properties over temperature range. Resistant to aging, ozone, oil. Good flex resistance.

Outstanding resistance to oxygen, ozone, most solvents. Retains properties for long exposure to high temperature. Flame resistant Low permeability

Disadvantages

Affected by heat, aging, sunlight, oxygen, ozone, gasoline and oil. Aromatic hydrocarbons, degreaser solvents, silicate hydraulic fluids.

Affected by heat, aging, sunlight, oxygen, ozone, gasoline and oil. Aromatic hydrocarbons, degreaser solvents, silicate hydraulic fluids.

Affected by heat aging, ozone, hydrocarbon solvents, and oil. Only fair electrical properties. Good physical properties Requires reinforcement.

Affected by gasoline, oil, degreaser solvents. Low resilience Medium physical properties

Affected by aromatic and aliphatic solvents. Poor tear resistance.

Affected by aromatic hydrocarbons, phosphate, and hydraulic fluids.

Affected by degreaser solvents Good Physicals Requires reinforcement

Affected by acid, alkalis, aromatics, and esters. Good performance only with high hardness.

Low physical properties at room temperature. Affected by gasoline, degreaser and solvents (Note: Special fluorinated silicone resists fuels, solvents and oils)

Poor dynamic properties at low temperatures

Typical Trade Names

N/A 

Ameripol SN Natsyn Isoprene

Philprene Ameripol SBR Plioflex Naugopol Poyser S S-Polymers Synpol Baytown Copo FR-S ASRC

Enjay Butyl Polysar Butyl Bucar Petrotex Butyl

Nordel Royalene Vistalon Epsyn

Neoprene

Hycar Chemgum Paracril Polysar Krynac FR-N

Adiprene Chemigum SL Texin Vibrathane Elastothan Genthane Esthane

Silastic G.E. Silicones U.C. Silicones Si-O-Flex

Viton Fluorel Kel-F Elastomer

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Common Name

NR Natural Rubber

IR Synthetic Rubber

SBR

IIR Butyl

EPR EP Rubber

CR Neoprene

NBR

Polyurethane

Silicone

Fluro Elastromers

Chemical Name

Natural Polyisoprene

Synthetic Polyisoprene

Styrene Butadiene

Isobutylene Isoprene

Ethylene Propylene

Chloroprene

Nitrile Butadene

Polyurethane Diisocyanate

Polysiloxane

Fluorinated Hydrocarbon

ASTM-SAE Designation

Type R - no contact with petroleum-base fluids

Type R - no contact with petroleum-base fluids

Type R - no contact with petroleum-base fluids

Type R - no contact with petroleum-base fluids

Type R - no contact with petroleum-base fluids

Type SC - medium-oil resistance

Type SB - Good oil resistance

None yet assigned

Type TA - Broad temperature range

Type TB - Resistance to elevated temperature and solvents

Relative Cost SBR = 100

61

100

100

125

100

125

140

500

3000

1000

Advantages

Mostly used for high mechanical performance unless some specific environmental condition prohibits.

Mostly used for high mechanical performance unless some specific environmental condition prohibits.

Resistant to abrasion, impact

Outstanding gas impermeability Good damping at normal temp. Resists aging at high temp. Resistant to ozone, alcohol diester lubes

Resistant to heat aging, oxidation, ozone, acids, alkalis, hydraulic fluids.Good electrical properties.

Resistant to weather, ozone, gasoline, oil, elevated temperature, Flame resistant

Good physicals Resistant to gasoline, oil, elevated temperatures.

Highest available abrasion resistance, strength and load bearing.High elongation, hardness.Resistant to oxygen and ozone.

Broadest available temperature range. Retain properties over temperature range. Resistant to aging, ozone, oil. Good flex resistance.

Outstanding resistance to oxygen, ozone, most solvents. Retains properties for long exposure to high temperature. Flame resistant Low permeability

Disadvantages

Affected by heat, aging, sunlight, oxygen, ozone, gasoline and oil. Aromatic hydrocarbons, degreaser solvents, silicate hydraulic fluids.

Affected by heat, aging, sunlight, oxygen, ozone, gasoline and oil. Aromatic hydrocarbons, degreaser solvents, silicate hydraulic fluids.

Affected by heat aging, ozone, hydrocarbon solvents, and oil. Only fair electrical properties. Good physical properties Requires reinforcement.

Affected by gasoline, oil, degreaser solvents. Low resilience Medium physical properties

Affected by aromatic and aliphatic solvents. Poor tear resistance.

Affected by aromatic hydrocarbons, phosphate, and hydraulic fluids.

Affected by degreaser solvents Good Physicals Requires reinforcement

Affected by acid, alkalis, aromatics, and esters. Good performance only with high hardness.

Low physical properties at room temperature. Affected by gasoline, degreaser and solvents (Note: Special fluorinated silicone resists fuels, solvents and oils)

Poor dynamic properties at low temperatures

Typical Trade Names

N/A 

Ameripol SN Natsyn Isoprene

Philprene Ameripol SBR Plioflex Naugopol Poyser S S-Polymers Synpol Baytown Copo FR-S ASRC

Enjay Butyl Polysar Butyl Bucar Petrotex Butyl

Nordel Royalene Vistalon Epsyn

Neoprene

Hycar Chemgum Paracril Polysar Krynac FR-N

Adiprene Chemigum SL Texin Vibrathane Elastothan Genthane Esthane

Silastic G.E. Silicones U.C. Silicones Si-O-Flex

Viton Fluorel Kel-F Elastomer

NOTE: The chart shown here is intended as a general guide only. The characteristics and physical properties can be altered within each elastomer group by specifically compounding for a particular requirement.

Are You Using the RIght Materials For Your Product Application?